Deliverables

WP1 - MGT1 - Project management
D1.1 - Data Management Plan (DMP)
The document presents the NEP Data Management Plan (NEP-DMP), and describes the measures envisaged to efficiently manage the Research Data collected and generated during the project. The NEP-DMP is intended to be a living document in which information can be made available on a finer level of granularity through updates as the implementation of the project progresses and when significant changes occur. The document is therefore versioned in order to keep track of changes and improvements. The NEP-DMP describes the standards and methodologies for the collection and generation of Research Data that will be applied throughout the duration of the project, as well as the conditions for publishing such data. This document aims to facilitate the creation of common understanding and, where possible, common practices.
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WP2 - MGT2 - Pilot scheme for the management of a distributed research infrastructure offering harmonised, interoperable and integrated services
D2.1 - Detailed procedures for integrated TA
This document summarises all the internal rules and procedures established for granting users transnational access to NFFA-Europe facilities. Before the detailed presentation of all steps in Sections 2 – 4, the route towards their definition is briefly mentioned in Sect. 1, to highlight differences with the previous NFFA-Europe project (http://nffa-europe.nffa.eu/). Finally, in Sect. 5 the temporary internal procedures necessary for a smooth management of the first calls are described.
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WP2 - MGT2 - Pilot scheme for the management of a distributed research infrastructure offering harmonised, interoperable and integrated services
D2.2 - Integrated tool for access monitoring
The present deliverable describes the overall design and structure of the integrated online system to support the IDRIN operation. Taking into account the outcome of Task 2.1 (Infrastructure set-up and operation, guidance to access providers and users) described in Deliverable D2.1 (Detailed procedures for integrated TA), the system has been designed to integrate into a Single Entry Point all the tools for the management of the techniques catalogue, the proposals, the users, the projects, in a set of standardized online procedures. The system will collect and organize a large set of data and information that will be the base for a Business Intelligence Analytics tool, that will allow a continuous monitoring of the IDRIN operation. This deliverable describes the technical aspects of the different components of the platform and offers an overview of its main functionalities.
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WP9 - VA – Virtual Access
D9.1 - Deployment of the VA service prototypes
Virtual Access (VA) is a novel service offered in NEP. It comprises innovative online simulation services, databases, machine learning services, data and metadata services, which will be seamlessly integrated into the NEP infrastructure and provided as cloud services to authenticated users. The access will be provided by the facilities hosting the services. Each Access Provider will operate its own infrastructure, made of one or more installations. All involved Access Providers will offer identified User Access to the VA services under their own schemes based on institutional policies. Part of the online data services that will be made available as VA are currently (or will be) developed in the Joint Activity (JA) 6 on FAIR data approach. According to the NEP proposal, seven services are planned, even though scouting activities to enlarge the offer are foreseen. The services are at different stages of development, and will be gradually completed and integrated into the offer. This deliverable presents the first prototype of a VA service: the MetaRepo, a metadata repository to register and validate Metadata Schemas and Metadata Documents. The document is structured as follows: Section 1 describes the MetaRepo service, and Section 2 shows the functionalities of its Graphical User Interface (GUI). Being the purpose of this Section only demonstrative, for the sake of simplicity the functionalities of the MetaRepo GUI are shown on basic examples instead of being applied to a real NEP use case. This choice has been made to prevent the confusion which might arise due to the complexity of the Metadata Schemas. A real usage example is presented in Milestone 10. Section 3 shows how the Authorization and Authentication has been implemented for the MetaRepo. Section 4 explains how the monitoring of user accesses and actions is performed.
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WP10 - TAS - TA programme support structures: Technical Liaison Network (TLNet) and pilot User Office Network (UONet)
D10.2 - The NEP Technical Liaison Network (TLNet): implementation report
The multidisciplinary research context requires an effective and reliable integration of different research infrastructures and academic facilities. NFFA-EUROPE is an interoperable multi-technique, multi-competence, multi-site distributed research infrastructure, offering a wide ensemble of tools for nanoscience and nanotechnology devoted to research and innovation, covering many TRLs, and therefore involving different competences. The Open Access to such a complex distributed research infrastructure is managed by a support service structure, the Technical Liaison Network (TLNet): a centralized technical authority, involving all nodes, in charge to assess the technical request/offer, and to establish the feasibility and the best work-flow for the peer-review prioritised research. The full TLNet service, i.e. a widespread network of experts, rules of engagement and well defined technical evaluation procedures, and an efficient communication system, have been implemented with the objective to be us much as possible user-friendly for both (new) providers and (new) users, by making wide use of smart front-ends, interfacing with a huge database managed with a complex back-end, for creating a common platform to share data and exchange information among providers offering different competences, and between users and providers. The TLNet has been implemented as a distributed network consisting of a Central coordinating TLNet node (at the Coordinator headquarters) and Local TLNet nodes at the providers, as established in June 2021. The network has been initially operative with a temporary IC platform hosted on the GARR network, ready for the 1st Call for proposals. Then, from the 2nd Call (technical evaluation in February 2022), a final set of online monitoring tools, directly implemented in the Single Entry Point, have been used, allowing the TLNet to reach a full perceptiveness on the access.
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WP11 - Real-time observation and control in microscopy and spectroscopy of nano-objects
D11.1 - Commissioning of HHG with enhanced properties
During the first year of NEP project the beam line towards the generation of intense circularly polarized XUV radiation was under development and implementation. The two techniques for the generation of intense circular polarized XUV radiation were installed to the MW beamline based on the Attosecond Science and Technology (AST) Laboratory of IESL-FORTH. By applying the two-color counter rotating electric fields setup under loose focusing conditions we were able to generate highly elliptical extreme ultraviolet radiation in Ar gas as generating medium. The energy of the XUV radiation emitted per laser pulse is found to be of the order of ~100 nJ with the spectrum spanning from 17 to 26 eV (See Figure 3(b)). Preliminary results in Xe and Ne gas as generating medium are also available. Briefly, it was found in Xe that under optimal conditions the energy content of highly elliptical XUV radiation was of the order of the order of ~200 nJ with a spectrum spanning from 17 to 22 eV. On the other hand in the case of Ne as generating medium the energy content was in the order of pJ in the spectral region 17-29 eV. The current performance of high-harmonic generation sources offers a temporal resolution of a few tens of femtoseconds and an energy resolution of approximately one hundred meV. However, some of the most intriguing open problems in materials science arise from phenomena taking place at faster time-scales, in the few-femtosecond range. This includes physical processes, such as the collapse and recovery of metallic or magnetic states, electron hopping, screening phenomena, or charge transfer mechanisms. During the first year of the project, in order to access such temporal scales by means of time and angular-resolved photo-electron spectroscopy (tr-ARPES), we started to implement an optical setup, which allowed us to generate laser pulses in the sub-10 femtosecond range. The few-cycle pulses have been generated by focusing the driving laser of the CITIUS light source at Nova Gorica university into a capillary wave-guide, placed in an environment filled with noble gas. This induced a proper amount of self-phase modulation, i.e., a controlled increase of the pulse bandwidth. The latter has been then recompressed by means of “chirped” mirrors, designed to introduce a proper amount of dispersion, down to a few femtoseconds.
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WP12 - JA2 - X-ray Wavefront Metrology, Correction and Manipulation
D12.1 - Fabrication of hard X-ray aberration correctors
We report on the fabrication of hard X-ray aberration correctors to improve the performance of nanofocusing X-ray lenses by correcting the shape deviations that arise due to fluctuations and anisotropies during the manufacture of X-ray optics. After carefully characterizing the aberrations of the focusing X-ray lens, the tailored profile of a correction phase plate can be inferred. In this deliverable, we have developed the micro and nanofabrication processes for the production of the refractive phase plates by two-photon polymerization based 3D printing. The refractive phase plate is made of polymer, which introduces the required phase shift corrections while hardly introducing any extra absorption. The process parameters have been optimized to obtain the tailored aberration correction profiles. The refractive phase plates have been produced on multiple substrates such as silicon, silicon nitride and diamond membranes and they can be fabricated reliably and on-demand. The methods and procedures to easily align the focusing optics and the refractive phase plate are currently under development.
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WP14 - JA4 - A safe-by design platform for nanomaterials
D14.1 - Definition of relevant safe-by-design protocols for access by users
Nanotechnology and nanomaterials are key players in the EU research and innovation processes having a tremendous impact on many domains of applications ranging from electronics, textiles, cosmetics, agriculture, and food to health applications. The next generation of nanomaterials i.e. smart nanomaterials is expected to represent a step forward by providing nanomaterials with new properties and functionalities and thus adding values to existing products and technologies with high benefits for human health and environment. Consequently, a large increase in the development and use of new kinds of engineered nanomaterials (ENMs) is expected in the near future. To favour safe innovation there is an urgent need for robust, standardized and advanced methods for nanomaterials safety assessments. ENMs safety assessment remains a challenging task due to the complexity of nanomaterials since they may display a wide range of properties including size, shape, surface functionalisation, surface charge, that affect their way of interacting with biological systems such as biological fluids (protein-surface interactions) and living cells (cellular uptake, mechanisms of toxic response). This report describes a set of workflows aiming for studying the interactions between ENMs and biological systems with an advanced ‘safe by design’ experimental platform. The workflows consist in integrated sequences of steps for guiding users with different comprehensive analysis methods among a wide range of facilities available within the NEP consortium. This platform will support materials scientists to design new or improved materials with a safer approach from the early stage of ENMs synthesis and nanosafety researchers to elucidate the interactions and effects of ENMs with biological samples (human, animal or plant cells) in order to understand the life cycle (uptake, dispersion, accumulation) of ENMs in biological systems.
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WP15 - JA5-Correlative Nano-Spectroscopy and Nano-Diffraction
D15.1 - Design of platforms for liquid cells
Workpackage JA5- Correlative Nano-Spectroscopy and Nano-Diffraction aims to establish a user platform for routine experiments at Nanolabs and analytical large-scale facilities (ALSFs) permitting to collect structural and chemical information from a statistically relevant number of distinct nanoscale objects. One of the objectives of JA5 is to provide dedicated sample environments to investigate the dynamical behaviour of nanoscale objects in situ during e.g., catalytic, electrochemical or corrosion experiments in liquid or gaseous environments. In view of this objective, task 15.3 (Sample environments for in situ correlative analysis) centralizes the work for the design, test and offer of a dedicated micro/nano fabrication platform for in situ sample environment. The present deliverable summarizes the efforts carried out during the first 12 months of the project towards the realization of the micro/nano fabricated platform. It includes the following aspects: 1) the definition of target experiments that will serve as demonstrators of the scientific interest of the platform; 2) the design and realization first prototype of a liquid cell for initial validation experiments; 3) the design and realization of membrane-containing microchips to be incorporated into the platform; 4) an outlook of next steps to be addressed in task 15.3.
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WP16 - JA6 – Implementing FAIR data approach within NEP
D16.1 - Design of the service platform
This deliverable presents the initial design of the infrastructure for the NFFA-Europe Pilot (NEP). The infrastructure is planned to consist of diverse elements for the Data and the Metadata Management, as well as different services (in the frontend, in the backend, and for Virtual Access) which will be gradually developed and integrated in a seamless way. We distinguish between the basic elements, which are essential parts of the infrastructure planned in the NEP proposal, and additional elements which were not initially planned but might improve the interconnections and facilitate the Research Users, in case they will be developed as output of the scouting activities of the Task 16.4 of the Joint Activity 6 (Work Package 16). The elements of the infrastructure will be connected to each other and will be accessed by users or by other services thanks to interfaces.
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WP17 - JA7 - Communication and Dissemination
D17.1 - Terms of References of the Communication Plan
This document outlines the communication strategy which NFFA-Europe Pilot will adopt, along with the related planned activities that will be carried out during the project lifetime, within task 17.1.1. “Communication plan definition”. Throughout the duration of the project, NFFA-Europe Pilot partners will concentrate their efforts on promoting the project among already established and potentially new groups of users, with the aim to raise awareness about NFFA-Europe infrastructures in general and in particular the new and more comprehensive research opportunities offered thanks to NFFA-Europe Pilot. The communication plan provides a list of these activities, including press releases, the communication of project concepts, communication activities online and via social media, as well as a reference table that explains how activities are related to each other. Throughout the duration of the project, the effectiveness of communication initiatives will be assessed by using an ad-hoc monitoring system; the plan also presents this tool and key performance indicators that will be adopted.
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WP17 - JA7 - Communication and dissemination
D17.2 - Terms of Reference of the Dissemination Plan
The NFFA-Europe Pilot is a Research Infrastructure project financed by the EU offering harmonised, interoperable and integrated services in the field of the European nanoscience research. European and non-European scientists can submit applications to access the offered instruments and become NFFA-Europe Pilot users. The Dissemination Plan (DP) of the NFFA-Europe Pilot project has an interconnected two-fold objective. The outputs and results developed within the project will be, on one hand, disseminated to proper target scientific communities and, on the other one, used to attract new potential users. The NFFA-Europe Pilot DP is based upon the project strategy outlined in the WP17 of the Annex 1 of NFFA-Europe Pilot Grant Agreement (GA), where the actions to disseminate the generated foreground represent the best available option according to the available budget. The present DP describes in detail the tasks and sets the rules for their implementation. To this respect, the WP17 Board is defined by the 4 task leaders present in the WP, and it is chaired by the WP Leader. The present plan is approved by the WP17 Board and will be forwarded to the management of the NFFA-Europe Pilot. It will be subjected to regular improvement throughout the project lifetime, according to the collected experiences.
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WP17 - Communication and Dissemination
D 17.3 - NFFA Communication Toolkit
This document outlines the development of the communication toolkit in support of NFFA Europe Pilot communication activities. A series of different materials have been produced to communicate effectively with target audiences, to support stakeholder-engagement, to promote the project among established and potentially new users and raise awareness about NFFA-Europe infrastructures in general and in particular about the new research opportunities offered thanks to NFFA-Europe Pilot. This deliverable describes the development of the communication toolkit including the updated NFFA-Europe and the resulting NFFA-Europe PILOT visual identity. The visual identity is the cornerstone of all material produced and runs like a red line through the entire design, and includes the logo, the word templates and the corporate presentation, used to present the NFFA-Europe project at conferences.
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WP18 - JA8 – Bridging academic and industrial research
D18.1 - Market analysis report
This report is a deliverable of Task 18.1 dedicated to the Market Analysis as part of WP18 “Bridging academic and industrial research”. The main potential industrial users of NEP and related services, including of NFFA infrastructure beyond the NEP project, are entities from the two main cohorts: SMEs or large/multinational companies. The primary motivation for becoming a user of NEP is likely to be different between these two cohorts. SMEs may lack the resources to either acquire advanced instrumentation or obtain access to advanced facilities via commercial/contract services. The challenges of limited resources may be particularly relevant for start-ups. In contrast, large or multinational companies are likely to have substantial in-house resources and equipment as well as the financial ability to contract specialty services from external commercial providers. Nevertheless, for advanced research and development (R&D) activities of large companies, NEP is able to provide access to unique facilities and leading-edge expertise that are not commercially available. Accordingly, the access to infrastructure offered via NEP is not primarily in direct competition with services offered by existing analytical or fabrication companies. Rather, the preliminary and proof-of-concept R&D activities enabled by infrastructure access via NEP will be able to support the subsequent development, scaleup, and commercialization of new or improved processes, materials, or products. The primary domains of expertise of NEP partners are nanoscience and nanotechnology, i.e., the facilities and expertise offered by NEP are inherently interdisciplinary. This interdisciplinarity naturally extends into the industrial applications of nanotechnology, which, rather than being concentrated in one or two industries, span a broad range of sectors, including materials and chemical synthesis/engineering, electronics and photonics (including the associated advanced technologies, such as superconductivity, spintronics, or quantum technology), energy (including photovoltaics, batteries, electrodes, catalysts for energy conversion, thermoelectrics, etc.), and pharmaceutics and biotechnologies. A comprehensive analysis of all the above industrial sectors would extend well beyond the scope and resources of this project. Accordingly, the desk research addressed two representative crosssections of the communities that can provide users for NEP facilities, services, and expertise: semiconductors and nanomaterials. To collect primary information, a survey has been circulated among potential industrial users of NEP infrastructure, with questions designed to understand their needs in terms of services and to gain insights into their expectations. The collected information will enable NEP to optimize outreach channels in order to target industrial communities more appropriately in Task 18.2. The results from the desk research and the survey are analyzed in light of the objectives of the Task 18.1, WP18, and NEP project and recommendations are provided in the final section of this report.
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WP18 - JA8 – Bridging academic and industrial research
D18.2 - Outreach Strategy Report
This report is a deliverable of Task 18.2 dedicated to the outreach to the industrial community as part of WP18 “Bridging academic and industrial research”. This report proposes a marketing plan to raise awareness on the industrial community. It will cover the following topics: - THE INDUSTRIAL ENGAGEMENT OF NFFA EUROPE - THE INDUSTRIAL ENGAGEMENT GOALS AND THE TARGET AUDIENCES - AN ONLINE MARKETING PLAN INCLUDING THE COMMUNICATION CHANNELS AND THE EDITORIAL BOARD - AN OFFLINE MARKETING PLAN INCLUDING A SHORTLIST OF EVENTS TO ATTEND, THE LIST OF SUPPORTING MARKETING MATERIALS TO CREATE - THE INDUSTRIAL CONTACT OFFICE NETWORK (ICONET) CONTRIBUTION TO SUPPORT THE SCHEDULED OUTREACH CAMPAIGN AND TO ASSIST COMPANIES IN DRAFTING AND PRE-ASSESSING HIGH-QUALITY PROPOSALS
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